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雅思口语“时尚”话题解析之艺术品-朗阁雅思崔明媛

深圳环球雅思培训学校1087人浏览发布日期:2020-06-15 18:01:00

雅思口语“时尚”话题解析之艺术品

 

朗阁海外考试研究中心  崔明媛

 

在之前的讨论中,我们把雅思口语中高频的关于时尚的话题分为衣着和艺术品两大类。在《雅思口语“时尚”话题解析之服装》一文中我们分析了关于衣着和鞋包时尚的话题。今天,让我们把目光集中在艺术品上。

 

关于艺术品(Artwork)

谈论起艺术品,我们很容易就能想到drawings, paintings, sculptures等等。其实画可以按照风格和类别分为很多种,包括sketch(素描),caricature(漫画),watercolour(水彩画),gouache(水粉画),oil painting(油画),brush drawing(毛笔画),portrait(画像),self-portrait(自画像),cave painting(石洞壁画)。说到当代艺术,当属collage(抽象拼贴画)风头最劲了。

 

而我们中国又多了许多有特色的艺术形式及其产品,其中不乏一些民间手工艺,比如kite(风筝),paper cuts(剪纸),embroidery(刺绣),porcelain(瓷器),jade carving(玉雕),root carving(根雕),seal carving(印章雕刻),ice carving(冰雕),clay figurines(泥人),lacquer ware(漆器),potted landscape(盆景),batik(蜡染),the shadow show(皮影戏),fancy lantern(彩灯),Tri-coloured Tang(唐三彩),Cloisonné(景泰蓝),paper fan(纸扇),Chinese calligraphy(中国书法),Chinese painting(国画)和Snuff bottle with interior painting(鼻烟壶内画)等。

 

制作艺术品的工具也是非常复杂的,比如常见的有pencil, pen and ink, wax colour pencil(蜡笔), pigment(颜料), utility knife(美工刀), plaster mould(石膏模型)。如果是Chinese painting还会用到ink brush(毛笔),画作最终会呈现在paper, Chinese art paper(宣纸)或canvas(帆布、画布)上。

 

此外,艺术的重要性及艺术品的价值也是雅思口语常考的话题,所以了解艺术的重要性也是我们的任务之一。首先,很多艺术都需要专注力,所以在学习的过程中可以改善attention span(注意广度)和comprehension(理解力)。学习艺术的过程中我们的身体也得到了锻炼,可以帮助学习者develop eye-hand coordination(提高眼手协调性), develop dexterity(灵敏)。艺术都是reflect society的,所以人们能借此express contemporary concerns(表达时下关心的话题)和improve cultural and historical understanding(增加对文化和历史的了解)。艺术需要各方面的协调,可以帮助人们integrate mind, body and spirit(整合协调思维、身体和精神)。很多艺术都是group art project, 需要完美的配合来呈现,因此可以develop independence and collaboration(提高独立性和合作能力), enhance social skills(提高社交技能), appreciate the individuality of others(欣赏别人的独特之处)。艺术是一种载体,一个媒介,借此人们可以express themselves(表达内心)。艺术是最具创造性的,能够enhance creative thinking(提高创新思维), develop thinking skills(提高思考能力), develop their imaginations(提高想象力)。

 

有了一定的知识背景,考生们在回答相关问题的时候才比较有自信以及能较清楚地表达自己的观点。现在就让我们通过雅思口语三个part中比较有代表性的题目来看看如何学以致用。

 

Part 1

 

1. Q: Do you like art? Why?

A: Oh yes, I’m a big fan of art, and painting is definitely my favourite. I like painting, particularly watercolour painting(水彩画), because I believe it’s the best way to convey my mind and speak out my thoughts(表达我的想法). I mean, every time I feel emotional, I don't write, or read, but paint. It’s quite relaxing.

 

2. Q: Have you ever created any artworks?

A: Yes, I’ve made quite a lot of paintings, mostly watercolour paintings. And I painted various things, like natural sceneries, human figures or just something indistinguishable.

 

上述答案用到了前面补充的绘画种类以及绘画的功能,题目非常简单,所以我们简单分析,稍作回答。接下来,我们来分析一下第二部分有关艺术最高频的一个话题。

 

Part 2

 

Describe a piece of art you have seen.

You should say:

when you (first) saw this work of art

where you saw it

what it looked like

(how you made it)

and explain your feelings about this work of art when you saw it.

 

关于本题曾经考过两种,一是见过的艺术品,二是你做过的艺术品,而描述一件做过的艺术品还需要描述如何制作这件艺术品,所以考生尤其要注意这两道题的区别。这里我们统一把答案定为手工艺品,这样既符合艺术品的范畴,又可以描述出其制作步骤。

 

The artwork I have seen and left deep impression on me was a paper cut(剪纸) which is a Chinese traditional work of art. It originated from Han Dynasty, right after the invention of paper. The first time I saw it was a stay at my grandma’s house in countryside when I was like 10 years old. It was a Chinese Spring Festival, so almost every family got red paper cuts on their windows. At that time, I had no idea what those red paper crafts are. But the time I saw them, I couldn't move my eyes from them. You see, these paper cuts are in diverse shapes and patterns, like animals, human figures and even Chinese characters. I couldn't imagine that they were actually cut, not painted. Fortunately, my grandma showed this technique right away the minute I expressed my doubt. The process was quite simple. First, you have to fold up the red piece of paper once or twice, according to the pattern you would like to cut. Then, you need to draw outlines of your desired pattern and but along the lines you drew. Finally, you unfold the paper and it’s done. Simple steps, but the cutting procedure requires finest technique and it’s not going to be mastered by only a few times of try. According to my grandma, I got to know that paper cuts are used mostly during festivals like Chinese Lunar New Year, or occasions like wedding ceremony. Besides, she told me that different shapes and patterns speak different words. For example, a Chinese character Fu, literally blessing and fortune in English, is usually pasted on windows upside-down, showing that blessing and fortune are coming to our family; another example can be a shape of fish, hoping that we’ll have adequate food and money the next year. I thought it was quite stimulating and impressive. So when I got back my own house, I tried to make paper cutting immediately. I think, as a form of art, paper cutting deserves serious protection, and as a way to celebrate festivals, it’s worth being promoted to each family for good.

 

接下来,我们来分析两道第三部分的高频问题。

 

Part 3

 

1. Q: Do you think it’s necessary to learn art?

A: Well, I would say yes. The most obvious reason is that people, children in particular, are able to develop their innovation and imagination(提高创新能力和想象力) during the process of creating art. Besides, to learn some forms of art, such as drawing and carving, requires coordination between eyes and hands, so those who lack of eye-hand coordination(眼手协调力) are definitely the major beneficiaries of learning art.

 

2. Q: Do you agree or disagree that art is irrelevant to our daily lives?

A: Well, to be honest, I’m not in favour of this statement. As the saying goes, “Art comes from life”, it’s hard to imagine that an artist creates a masterpiece without any real life experience. More importantly, most artworks are made to express either the minds of artists or their concerns about society(表达自己的想法或对社会的关心). So, I believe that art is closely related to our lives.

 

对于这两道在第三部分比较高频的问题,我们运用到了前面提到的艺术的重要性及艺术给人们带来的好处,稍提一两句,我们的答案听起来会好很多。

 

总之,艺术是个复杂且有深度的话题,我们必须先用强大的背景知识武装自己,才能更加顺利地回答问题,顺利得到理想的分数。

以上是深圳环球雅思培训学校编辑整理的雅思口语“时尚”话题解析之艺术品-朗阁雅思崔明媛的全部内容介绍,更多与雅思口语“时尚”话题解析之艺术品-朗阁雅思崔明媛相关的考试资料点击进入雅思7分考试网详细了解。咨询热线:13560077759
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